Arizona - Ellipsis Education

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Arizona K-12 Computer Science Standards

Check out this free K-2 coding lesson to see how Codelicious supports Arizona’s effort to prioritize computer science education.

Codelicious Computer Science Curriculum

Codelicious Computer Science Curriculum is grade-level differentiated, aligns with all state and national computer science standards, and is continually updated to reflect changes in computer science. Since computer science is more than just coding, Codelicious courses include coding, unplugged, digital citizenship, and STEM career lessons as well as hardware integrations.

Free Coding Lesson


This lesson focuses on the growing issue of electronic waste (e-waste). Students will learn about the negative effects of e-waste, and they’ll work together to brainstorm ways to build awareness and encourage change within their own community.

The digital citizenship lesson plan pdf includes links to the appropriate materials and resources, a detailed procedure, activity tips, and a bonus challenge activity.

Arizona Department of Education Standards

According to the Arizona Department of Education, the state computer science vision is to learn new approaches to critical thinking and problem solving. Students will also learn and practice skills that will help them become productive participants in society. The Arizona state standards are organized by grade band and are organized into five Essential Concepts with associated subconcepts. The grade bands are grades K-2, grades 3-5, grades 6-8, and high school. The AZ standards and their subconcepts are:

  1. Computing Systems

    1. Devices

    2. Hardware and Software

    3. Troubleshooting

  2. Networks and the Internet (with Cybersecurity)

    1. Network

    2. Communication and Organization

    3. Cybersecurity

  3. Data and Analysis

    1. Collection

    2. Storage

    3. Visualization and Transformation

    4. Inference and Models

  4. Algorithms and Programming

    1. Algorithms

    2. Variables

    3. Control

    4. Modularity

    5. Program Development

  5. Impacts of Computing

    1. Culture

    2. Social Interactions

    3. Safety, Law, and Ethics

The coding scheme for the AZ state standards is as follows: grade level (or grade band), concept (noted by initial – ex: Computer Systems would be noted as CS), subconcept (also noted by initial), standard number. For example, K.AP.A.1 would mean a kindergarten standard, concept of algorithms and programming, subconcept of algorithms, standard number 1.

Furthermore, the Arizona Department of Education released a CS Implementation Guidance Document that may be helpful to educators. For information on non-state-specific computer science standards, check out ISTE standards for students here.

What Is Computer Science Education

The importance of computer science in education is clear as technology continues to advance. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment in computer and information technology occupations is projected to grow 11% from 2019 to 2029. Arizona is a center for innovation and scientific progress in STEM, home to global companies from airlines (United) to pharmaceuticals (Johnson & Johnson). Given this, shouldn’t we equip our students with these skills starting at a young age?

Currently, computer science standards span from K-12; computer science education begins with the Arizona state standards kindergarten and goes all the way until AP Computer Science in high school. Most of these courses consist of a coding component, where students learn programming skills. The basic building blocks of coding such as loops, functions, and conditionals can be taught in elementary school and applied to more complex languages as students progress in their K-12 journey. As students attempt more advanced projects, such as developing websites, programs, and games, they are motivated to connect with their world and empowered to expand their skills.

Computer science education, however, is not only about coding. K 12 computer science also focuses on developing 21st century skills, such as the 4 C’s (communication, collaboration, computational thinking, and creativity). A strong foundation in these computer science skills will serve them well for years to come, regardless of the path they decide to pursue. The Arizona computer science standards are designed to encourage multidisciplinary learning. For example, standards for technology and computer science can be integrated into other core subject areas, like Arizona math standards and AZ science standards.

Title I

If you are a Title I school in Arizona, you may consider using your federal funds to purchase computer science curriculum.


Title I funds programming for low-income students. The money must go toward helping these students meet academic state standards. The amount of Title I funding distributed across the nation is available through the DOE website (most recently updated in 2017).


Title I usage is based on the makeup of your student body. If 40% or more of your school’s students come from low-income families, Title I funds must be used on school-wide initiatives. These are known as Title I schools. If less than 40% of your school’s students come from low-income families, Title I funds must be used for programming that targets low-income students. It is important to note that Title I funds must go directly to low-income students, and the programs/materials cannot have been used in other classrooms first.

K 12 Computer Science Curriculum

Codelicious provides full-year K-12 computer science curriculum that aligns with the Alaska K-12 computer science standards. The curriculum offers grade level differentiated learning pathways, aligns with all state and national computer science standards, and is continually updated to reflect changes in computer science. Codelicious courses are customized to districts’ unique instructional strategy for computer science integration. This can mean incorporating computer science into an existing class period, adding to a specials rotation, or introducing a stand alone class. Courses are delivered with instructional resources teachers need to feel confident teaching computer science in K-12.

Our computer science curriculum for K-2 empowers you to engage your students with courses that fuel their interest. Coding lessons use ScratchJr, an introductory block coding language, perfect for emergent and early readers. In grades 3-5, inspire your students with courses that spark their creativity. Coding lessons use Scratch, a block based coding language, ideal for the transitional and fluent reader.

Our computer science curriculum middle school (6-8) helps you motivate your students with courses that connect to their world. Coding lessons use line based languages JavaScript, HTML, CSS, and Java to explore programming options.

Our computer science high school curriculum (9-12) helps you empower your students with courses that expand their skills. Coding lessons use JavaScript, Java, Python, and Godot to develop websites, programs, and games.

Explore our full k-12 computer science education course offering on our courses page. If any of these course options interest you, schedule a 30 minute call with one of our curriculum experts. Find the curriculum that will support every teacher as they inspire every student.

Computer Science Careers

After being introduced to computer science curriculum in K-12, students may be inspired to continue their computer science education. On a professional level, companies are recruiting for computer science degree jobs in cloud computing, app development, and statistical analysis. On an individual level, computational thinking, problem solving, and relationship building are all deeply influenced by computer science. This understanding of computer science jobs leads to much broader applications. you don’t necessarily need a degree in computer science; anyone that uses technology to solve problems can be considered a computer scientist!

Introducing computer science in the K-12 experience opens doors for students to pursue a computer science degree in college. The top computer science colleges in Arizona, including Arizona State University, University of Advancing Technology, and University of Arizona offer concentrations in various areas of computer science, like computer information systems, information technology, computer software and applications, and computer systems networking. The reality is, though, students do not need to attend a university to pursue these computer science majors. Even non-STEM majors, like business, biology, and English use computer science skills to communicate ideas.

Likewise, computer science skills taught in K-12 can be applied directly to any career students pursue after high school. Computational thinking, problem solving, and teamwork can be applied in trades (like electrician, plumber, and HVAC) and other positions (like retail, restaurants, and reception).

Codelicious spotlights the many forms of computer science careers in our My STEM Career series. In these interviews, hear from professionals, students, and teachers as they share how they built confidence in their computer science skills. Two particularly interesting interviews include Will Muto, a Product Technical Director at Industrial Light and Magic, who worked on Star Wars films, and Alia Enos, Software Developer II at 343 Industries, who works on the Halo video game series.

Free Coding Lesson


In this lesson Sunshine Builder, students will use loops to make Scratchy (a Scratch character) draw a sunburst. This lesson is built for grades 3-5 and introduces coding for kids: Scratch, a block-based coding language. The coding for kids PDF includes links to the appropriate materials and resources, a detailed procedure, activity tips, and a bonus challenge activity.

When you download, receive our lesson plan PDF, which includes links to the appropriate materials and resources, a detailed procedure, activity tips, and a bonus challenge activity.

Removing barriers to teaching computer science.