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“Write once, run anywhere.”— Slogan created by Sun Microsystems to show the cross-platform benefits of Java.
Java is a popular programming language used in app development, desktop computing, and gaming. It was created by James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton of Sun Microsystems, later acquired by Oracle. When Java was introduced in 1995, it was marketed for smart TVs; ironically, the technology was too advanced for cable TV at the time. Java soon became an industry standard for internet programming due to its ability to run on any platform.
According to the TIOBE programming language popularity index, Java has consistently ranked as a top 10 programming language from mid-2015 to 2021. In fact, as of September 2021, Java is the #1 most popular programming language. This could be why Java remains the primary language used on the AP Computer Science exam.
Knowledge of Java and its applications will undoubtedly help students in their computer science education. Let’s dive deeper into the characteristics and syntax of Java, then explore professional opportunities available to Java developers.
Java is the foundation for many products you use every day, including Spotify, Twitter, and CashApp. Java is so widely used because it’s a universal, multi-purpose language. If you’re introducing Java for beginners, it’s important to understand the characteristics of the language. Java is:
Because Java is an object oriented programming language, it has the following features:
In Java, variables act as containers which store data. To create (or declare) a variable, you need to define its type AND the data it will store. Below are the different data types available in Java.
With so many coding languages out there, how do we know which ones offer the appropriate level of challenge for our students? Let’s walk through a suggested coding language progression for students that includes Java.
Then, in middle school, students might tackle Python, an ideal language for the intermediate coder. Python courses prepare students for more challenging programming languages, like Java. In Ellipsis Education computer science curriculum, students are introduced to Java in 8th grade. This course, called Computer Science Applications Java, explores loops, objects, methods, and classes to build applications like a fitness tracker. As a result, learners have been introduced to Java concepts prior to taking coding classes for high school students.
Introducing students to Java in middle school is particularly beneficial because Java is the basis for AP Computer Science. According to the College Board website, high school Java curriculum covers programming concepts as well as ability to read and write code. Giving students the necessary foundations in computer science starting in elementary and middle school helps them prepare for success on the AP exam.
You likely interact with devices that use Java all the time, especially those included with the IoT or Internet of Things. IoT devices are everyday devices that have the ability to connect to a network, communicate, and transmit data via the Internet. This is all about extending connectivity beyond standard devices (laptops, PCs, smartphones, and tablets) to non-internet-enabled physical devices. Some of these devices are smart TVs, smart appliances, wearable technology, toys, and smart speakers.
Java is also used in everyday applications and tools, especially if you are an Android user. Netflix, Uber, Amazon, and Wikipedia search were all built on or are now running on Java. Since Java is so versatile and universal, apps are able to run on any number of devices, regardless of type.
System Engineers (sometimes called System Architects) are hired for their expertise around IT (information technology) solutions. They propose and maintain combinations of hardware, software, tools, and frameworks that help the business in its day-to-day operations. Knowledge of Java is crucial because the language’s universal nature helps all of these programs communicate with one another. Systems Engineers also must be great team players; they often work with the end users of their solutions to receive feedback and improve processes.
Backend Developers create and maintain the parts of a website or app that a user never sees. This generally includes three components: a server, an application, and a database. Backend Developers use Java to build the parts of the program and make sure all these components can communicate with each other. Furthermore, they make sure that actions, like adding an item to a cart or filling out a form, execute quickly and correctly. Backend Developers must be creative and inquisitive because they frequently work with development teams to problem solve and debug their code.
Video Game Developers take a concept or design and turn it into a playable game. They use multiple programming languages, like Java, C, and C++, to create movements, program non-playable characters (NPCs), and construct terrain. Since games release on different platforms and consoles, Game Developers make sure that the game works correctly regardless of the platform. Video Game Developers must have critical thinking skills to turn a concept to reality and strong communication skills to convey their ideas to others.
Android Developers create apps for the Android Marketplace, which is a direct competitor to the Apple App store. Smartphones like the Google Pixel and Samsung Galaxy require the Android versions of apps we use everyday, like social media apps and music streaming apps. The Android Marketplace has its own set of requirements; Android Developers use their knowledge of said requirements and programming languages (like Java) to design, build, and debug various app features. Android Developers must have strong creative and collaborative skills to work with teams and bring these apps to life.
Looking for Java notes for beginners? Download this free lesson that includes a Java for students PDF.
In this lesson, Data Types, students will be introduced to the data types used in the Java programming language. Students will spend time analyzing, discussing, and manipulating code to enhance their understanding of the syntax required when establishing variables in Java. Students will discuss the concepts of variables and data types and how they are related. Students will be exposed to creating and printing basic Java variables, and will then independently finish a program that prints strings of characters and existing variables to the screen.